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Fuel Oil Tanks - Abandoning in Place or Removal after a Fuel Switch

When combustion appliances that utilized fuel oil are replaced with equipment that no longer use fuel oil and the existing tank will no longer be needed, the tanks and related piping are considered abandoned and must be safeguarded in accordance with National Fire Protection Association and New York State Codes (also see link at the bottom of this page to a NYS Department of Health safety/informational flyer that can be shared with your customers).

Fuel oil tank removal may be considered a Health and Safety Measure and eligible for inclusion in a Smart Energy Loan or On-Bill Recovery Loan*

2010 Fire Code of New York State specifies that:

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2010 Fire Code of New York State

SECTION 3404 STORAGE

3404.2.13.3 Abandonment or removal of heating oil storage tanks. The abandonment or removal of heating oil storage tanks and related piping in connection with the conversion of liquid fuel burning appliance to alternative fuel shall be in accordance with this section.
3404.2.13.3.1 Contents disposal. The entire contents of the heating oil storage tank and related piping shall be emptied, cleaned and purged of all vapor. The contents of the storage tank and related piping shall be removed from the premises or property and disposed of in accordance with applicable local, state or federal rules and regulations.
3404.2.13.3.2 Abandoned in place. If the heating oil storage tank is to be abandoned in place, the vent line shall remain open and intact, unless the tank is filled with an inert material. The oil fill pipe and other related piping shall either be removed, or the oil fill pipe shall be filled with concrete.
3404.2.13.3.3 Tank removal. If the heating oil storage tank is to be removed, the vent line, oil fill pipe and related piping shall also be removed, or the oil fill pipe shall be filled with concrete.
3404.2.14 Removal and disposal of tanks. Removal and disposal of tanks shall comply with Sections 3404.2.14.1 and 3404.2.14.2.
3404.2.14.1 Removal. Removal of above-ground and underground tanks shall be in accordance with all of the following:
1. Flammable and combustible liquids shall be removed from the tank and connected piping.
2. Piping at tank openings that is not to be used further shall be disconnected.
3. Piping shall be removed from the ground.

Exception:
Piping is allowed to be abandoned in place where the code enforcement official determines that removal is not practical. Abandoned piping shall be capped and safeguarded by filling with concrete.
4. Tank openings shall be capped or plugged, leaving a 0.125-inch to 1/4-inch-diameter (3.2 mm to 6.4 mm) opening for pressure equalization.
5. Tanks shall be purged of vapor and inerted prior to removal.
6. All exterior above-grade fill and vent piping shall be permanently removed.

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*Per the NY Home Performance with ENERGY STAR® Eligible Measures and Accessories effective: June 16, 2015 http://hpwescontractorsupport.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/7.4_Eligible-Measures_and_Accessories-List_Effective_061615-v2.pdf

All Health and Safety Measures and Accessories costs must be itemized for the purposes of determining incentive eligibility and loan cost effectiveness. These costs are eligible for incorporation into a Smart Energy Loan or On-Bill Recovery Loan, but are not eligible for the 10% HEMI, the Assisted Subsidy, or the Assisted Loan.

Safety Flyer: NYS DOH Avoiding Oil Spills from Abandoned Heating Oil Fill Pipes

http://hpwescontractorsupport.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/oil_spill_abandoned_fill_pipes.pdf

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